Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Medical Services Prior to the ACA

A study recently published in the American Journal of Public Health explored the patterns of insurance coverage, access to care and preventive service use by racial and ethnic minorities prior to the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA). Using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, the researchers identified groups targeted by the coverage provision in the ACA namely the Medicaid expansion and the subsidized marketplace coverage.

The study found that racial and ethnic minority individuals had lower rates of coverage, access to care and preventive service from 2005 to 2010. In concluding their study, the authors state that the the ACA has an opportunity to narrow racial/ethnic disparities in these areas.

Download the full study.